Its purpose is to shorten a passage without sacrificing its basic meaning. For long paragraphs, you may also want to include a bridge sentence that introduces the next paragraph or section of the paper.
Citing sources Why use quotations, paraphrases, and summaries? The core content is in the middle. Although not all paragraphs have clear-cut topic sentences, and despite the fact that topic sentences can occur anywhere in the paragraph as the first sentence, the last sentence, or somewhere in the middlean easy way to make sure your reader understands the topic of the paragraph is to put your topic sentence near the beginning of the paragraph.
Conclusion The conclusion is the summary paragraph. Repetition of important words and pronouns - Repetition of key words helps the reader follow from sentence to sentence as important terms are defined and the relationship between them is explained.
The following are four ways to link paragraphs: Sentence or more that either introduces new topic sentence-related evidence go back to step 2 or closes the paragraph.
Then, it moves to the next point and does the same. One- or two-sentence paragraphs are almost unheard of and should be generally avoided.
Telling what it is not 3. General Structure Most paragraphs in an essay parallel the general three-part structure of each section of a research paper and, by extension, the overall research paper, with an introduction, a body that includes facts and analysis, and a conclusion.
Coherence Coherence equals connection and consistency. Therefore, the beginning of the paragraph explains the controlling idea of the paragraph. Just as the sentences within a paragraph should flow smoothly, so the paragraphs within an essay should be clearly linked one to the next.
The topic sentence is a general statement introducing the paragraph and is followed by specific details that expand, explain, or illustrate the topic sentence. Once again, it is necessary to attribute the ideas to the original source.
It is highly adaptable and can be used throughout an essay, although there are certainly other ways of forming good paragraphs.All academic writing follows a logical, straightforward structure.
In its simplest form, academic writing includes an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. The introduction provides background information, lays out the scope and direction of the essay, and states the thesis. Paragraphs: Academic writing Jot down anything that relates to your topic sentence: facts, details or examples.
This might only take a few minutes, but it is an important part of the writing process. For more detailed information on academic paragraph writing, go to the Academic Skills website.
Click on. Paragraph development continues with an expression of the rationale or the explanation that the writer gives for how the reader should interpret the information presented in the idea statement or topic sentence of the paragraph.
Description: A paragraph developed by detail, the topic sentence is supported by factual material,either sense impressions or conceptual facts.
Almost all writing has some detail in it. Methodsof DevelopingParagraphshandout 2. specificin time, place, and action. The main difference is that the illustration paragraph is a story (trueor untrue) that supports or.
To be as effective as possible, a paragraph should contain each of the following: Unity, Coherence, A Topic Sentence, and Adequate Development.
As you will see, all of these traits overlap. Using and adapting them to your individual purposes will help you construct effective paragraphs.Download