Henry david thoreau his essay civil disobedience

Civil Disobedience and Other Essays Quotes

If the alternative is to keep all just men in prison, or give up war and slavery, the State will not hesitate which to choose. My room-mate was introduced to me by the jailer as "a first-rate fellow and a clever man.

A Summary and Analysis of Henry David Thoreau's 'Civil Disobedience'

Associations formed elsewhere, springing from a feeling of humanity, or any other cause, have nothing whatever to do with it. He believes that the government is in transition from absolute monarchy to democracy.

Until the s, literary critics[ who? Amos Bronson Alcott planned the service and read selections from Thoreau's works, and Channing presented a hymn. Such a fundamental immorality justifies any difficulty or expense to bring it to an end.

However, he also notes that democracy may not be the final stage of the process. It is different than what I expected. It was formerly the custom in our village, when a poor debtor came out of jail, for his acquaintances to salute him, looking through their fingers, which were crossed to represent the grating of a jail window, "How do ye do?

I do not hear of men being forced to have this way or that by masses of men. In the end, he again lays emphasis on respecting an individual. If laws are unjust it is your duty to break those laws. Feb 10, Inspirational Henry David Thoreau's thoughts in his essay inspired Mahatma Gandhi's Satyagraha or non-violent resistance against the British government.

Why does it not encourage its citizens to be on the alert to point out its faults, and do better than it would have them?

Thoreau, Emerson, and Transcendentalism

He contends that people's first obligation is to do what they believe is right and not to follow the law dictated by the majority.

I find that the respectable man, so called, has immediately drifted from his position, and despairs of his country, when his country has more reason to despair of him. For a few months inhe moved to the home of William Emerson on Staten Island[34] and tutored the family's sons while seeking contacts among literary men and journalists in the city who might help publish his writings, including his future literary representative Horace Greeley.

I took great pleasure in this deed of Thoreau's. It costs me less in every sense to incur the penalty of disobedience to the State than it would to obey.

For the next few years, Thoreau lived simply off the land, meditated, and wrote about nature. He goes on to describe details about his stay in the jail and the treatment meted out to a person by the state as if he is only a physical entity and not an intellectual individual.

When the majority shall at length vote for the abolition of slavery, it will be because they are indifferent to slavery, or because there is but little slavery left to be abolished by their vote.

Men generally, under such a government as this, think that they ought to wait until they have persuaded the majority to alter them. Let every man make known what kind of government would command his respect, and that will be one step toward obtaining it. But just in proportion as I regard this as not wholly a brute force, but partly a human force, and consider that I have relations to those millions as to so many millions of men, and not of mere brute or inanimate things, I see that appeal is possible, first and instantaneously, from them to the Maker of them, and, secondly, from them to themselves.

Webster never goes behind government, and so cannot speak with authority about it. For instance, Mahatma Gandhi used this interpretation to suggest an equivalence between Thoreau's civil disobedience and his own satyagraha.

Thoreau and “Civil Disobedience”

Cast your whole vote, not a strip of paper merely, but your whole influence. But even suppose blood should flow. A state cannot be absolutely free and enlightened until the government recognizes the importance of an individual.American author, naturalist, philosopher, and leading transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau () is best known for his book Walden and his essay Civil Disobedience.

His lasting contributions to American literature focus on natural history, self-sufficient living, and individuality/5(5). Henry David Thoreau's thoughts in his essay inspired Mahatma Gandhi's Satyagraha or non-violent resistance against the British government.

Henry David Thoreau () was an American writer, philosopher, abolitionist, and historian. Henry David Thoreau's essay Civil Disobedience, published inhas influenced civil rights leaders from President John F.

Kennedy to Gandhi to Martin Luther King, Jr. By advocating that citizens are obligated to actively (but not violently) oppose governmental rules that they believe to be unjust, Thoreau was asserting his faith in the power of the.

42 quotes from Civil Disobedience and Other Essays: ‘The mass of men lead lives of quiet desperation. What is called resignation is confirmed desperation.

Henry David Thoreau lived in the mid-nineteenth century during turbulent times in America. He said he was born "in the nick of time" in Concord, Massachusetts, during the flowering of America when the transcendental movement was taking root and when the anti. Civil Disobedience.

By Henry David Thoreau. I heartily accept the motto, "That government is best which governs least"; and I should like to see it acted up to more rapidly and systematically. Paley, a common authority with many on moral questions, in his chapter on the "Duty of Submission to Civil Government," resolves all civil.

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Henry david thoreau his essay civil disobedience
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